1794: A stone discovered on a hillside southwest of Fredonia above the Fall River with this date carved into it gives evidence alluding to the presence of European explorers in the area.
1857: First European settlers came to the area.
1861: Creek Indian leader Opothle Yahola led 7,000 Native Americans, and 300 slaves, who were loyal to the Union Cause from Deep Fork, south of present day Tulsa to escape conscription into the Confederate Army. They ran north through Montgomery County to Fort Row north of Fredonia in Wilson County, hoping to find the promised food and other aid from the Union Army.
1864: Wilson County boundaries were finalized by State legislature. Wilson County held its first presidential election with 26 votes cast. This was also the first year of the federal census.
1868: Fredonia Town Company was organized, the name chosen and the town was platted. Dr. J. J. Barrett erected the first building on the southwest corner of the square. Fredonia post office was established Aug. 26th, 1868.
1869: A county election on June 8 selected Fredonia as the county seat. Fredonia schools were organized on July 10th.
1870: The first newspaper of Wilson County, the Wilson County Courier, was published by John J. Jennings on January 20th. The Courier noted that there were 23 completed buildings in Fredonia and that foundations for 50 more structures were laid. Lots adjoining the square were priced ranging from $60; to $20;. Frisco railroad arrived, and the first school term of three months was held.
1871: City government first meets on May 5th. The first religious building was the Congregational Church built on a lot given by the town company. When the church closed, the building became the public library. In 1969, the old building was razed and the present library is built on that same ground. in 1871. another county election on May 23rd again selected Fredonia as the county seat. Citizens of Neodesha contested the election. Wilson County Bank was incorporated on September 9th; the bank is now known as First National Bank in Fredonia.
1872: Charges of fraud in the May 1871 election were filed in the District court. Judge Gooin ruled the election invalid and directed that the county officed be removed to Neodesha. This decision was appealed to the State Supreme Court. On February 12th the town's first large fire consumed nine business structures on the west side of the square. The fire was fought by bucket brigade. Between 1872 and 1880, the Public Square, or some portion of it, burned at least half a dozen times.
1873: Another election was held January 28th, and Fredonia was again selected as county seat.
1874: In May, the State Supreme Court upheld the District Court's decision to disqualify the May 1871 election and remove the county offices to Neodesha. The city dug three first class public wells. The wells were curbed in with a roof overhead and provided with buckets, chains and pulleys. These primary water sources for the town served equally as fire protection.
The Christian Church received it's first bell.
1880: A new $10,000 school house was built on the Mound at the foot of Main street.
1885: On September 7th another election was held, which passed a bond issue of $30,000.00 to build a courthouse in Fredonia. That ended the county seat debate.
1886: On May the 4th the West Side of the Square burned. Only six weeks later the North Side of the square burned. Between the two events, more than 24 buildings were damaged or destroyed. After this terrible loss, the city government began to enact the ordinances for building that would become Fredonia's zoning laws ninety years later.
1888: First graduating class of Fredonia High School. The Methodist Church became illuminated with electric light.
1895: Fredonia is to have a telephone exchange and a hello girl.
1898: Otto Mill was destroyed by fire June 12, 1898. It was immediately rebuilt and modernized with the addition of a power house the Fredonia Electric Light Plant. The plant furnished lights for the town until 1901 when it was replaced by natural gas.
1900: New Methodist Church was dedicated June 24, 1900.
1901: Business men were advised that rural delivery carriers have no right to deliver mailable articles without proper postage.
1902: In December Locomobile was received in Fredonia on good roads it can travel 15 to 20 miles an hour.
1905: Feb. 3 - The Wilson County courthouse is is fully paid for. Loyd C. Bunch , florist, opened a greenhouse.
1906: July there were seven automobiles in Fredonia and four more coming.
1907: Fredonia's new Catholic Church was dedicated Oct. 10.
1909: B.E. LaDow of Fredonia Gas Co. was granted permission to erect and maintain sufficient lamp post from the public square to the Frisco-Santa Fe Depot.
1910: Dr. A. C. Flack moved into his new office, probably the finest building and most elegantly equipped office of any Wilson co. doctor.
1911: The Fredonia drug stores are now closing promptly at 8:00 p.m.
1912: The first block of Madison street west of the square will be laid with vitrified brick blocks burned at the Excelsior plant.
1913: The new Methodist Episcopal Church was dedicated Sunday, Oct. 12.
1914: The City of Fredonia purchased the dam and water rights from Mr. Otto for the construction of a water plant. The new High School building was completed. Four generations of Fredonians graduated from FHS, ending with the Class of 1990.
1915: The new Wilson County jail opened. It contained the sheriff's residence, office and the jail. The new Wilson County jail cost the taxpayers $2,000. This building now houses the Wilson County Historical Society.
1918: Fredonia's ambulance company is engaged in the great battle of St. Michiel in France. Lincoln School is destroyed by fire.
1920: April bids were received for construction of the new Lincoln School expected to be ready Nov. 1 cost to be $75,000.
1923: Dr. A. C. Flack, early settler, physician, financier and all around Fredonia entrepreneur, can be credited for the original Fredonia Homcoming. Between two and three thousand people heard Zack Harris, Ku Klux Klan organizer, talk on the immigration problem in the S. M. Smith cow pasture.
1924: The City of Fredonia sold $125,000 in bonds for the purpose of building the municipal power plant and distributng system.
1925: Ben Paulen of Fredonia became governor of Kansas. Paulen began his political career more than 25 years before as a member of the Fredonia City Council. Pratt brought Fredonia Portland Cement Co. Deal reported to involve one million dollars.
1928: The Self-Service Grocery on the southeast corner of the square announced it was open for business.
1933: Local letters can be delivered for two cents.
1934: Bond issue for gymnasium and auditorium at the high school carried 2 to 1.
1935: New Work Relief Project will employ women whose husbands are disabled or who are heads of families. Wage scale will be 35 cents an hour and not more than six hours a day.
1936: On July 18th a national record-setting temperature of 121 degrees fahrenheit was made.
1937: Fredonia's population was 4,167.
1939: New theatre open. A. W. Pugh will operate new Klock Theatre on sixth street. More the 500 enter first annual Fredonia Relays.
1940: Dr. E. A Rindt of Herington opened his practice in Fredonia. Hot lunches were first served to grade school children at Lincoln and Mound schools. A beautiful little park was built on the East side of water plant by WPA.
1945: The Thomas Sheedy heirs transferred title of the old Sheedy homestead, 2 miles north of the city, to the City of Fredonia to be used as an airport.
1947: Ben Baldridge of Independence purchased City Drug Store from Wilson Sprague. State Bank moved into modern quarters on the southwest corner of the square. Dr. Lynn Beal moved into the offices of the late Dr. F. L Ervay at 318 N. 6th street.
1950: St. Margaret's Mercy hospital was dedicated June 11th.
1953: Dr. Hugh Bayles opened his offices at 716 Madison st.
1955: The South Mound Star and Cross light structure was erected by the Fredonia Lions Club.
1963: Fredonia City Hall was torn apart by a blast which completely destroyed the interior and roof. The hot water tank was blamed.
1969: The new library, built on the grounds of the old Congregational Church, was opened to the public.
1976: the Wilson County Historical Society held their open house in the newly acquired facility on the east side of the square - the old sheriff's residence and jail.
1991: The Gold Dust Hotel Building was selected for the National Register of Historical Places, and a complaint filed with the American Civil Liberties Union threatened the continuance of the 65-year-old Christmas Pageant.
1994: Mill Dam building renovated.
1995: On March 3rd the Kansas governor Bill Graves signed a resolution stating "Highway 75 from the Oklahoma and Kansas state lines to the steps of our state's capital be so designated 'the Opothle Yahola Memorial Highway'" and certain areas in Southeact Kansas, the Verdigris, Neosho and Fall River Valleys and that of the Big and Little Sandy Creek Valleys as the "Opothle Yahola Historic Trail."
1998: On May 30th the Opothle Yahola Memorial Trail was dedicated in a ceremony at Caney. The highway signs are in place. Also happening the same year on August 24th the new US Highway 400 was opened from Wichita to the eastern edge of Fredonia, intersecting with K47. Several months later the highway was completed to Joplin, Missouri.